A number of mental disorders include psychotic symptoms. It is usually difficult to diagnose the precise type of psychosis at the beginning of a psychotic episode since the factors making the diagnosis are difficult to isolate at this time. It is important to recognize and understand the symptoms and then explain them to the health care team. Any questions or concerns about the diagnosis should be discussed with a mental health professional.
The following list names and briefly explains the different psychotic disorders.
The term schizophrenia refers to a type of psychosis whose symptoms last for at least six months and which significantly disrupts the functioning of a person. The nature of the symptoms and the duration of the disease are variable.
Type of psychosis identical to schizophrenia but whose symptoms occur for less than six months. The disorder may completely disappear or degenerate into another psychiatric illness such as schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, or schizoaffective disorder if you want more info visit https://itspsychology.com/.
A person with bipolar disorder is more prone to mood disturbances than to disturbing thoughts. It is then won by a state of excitation (the manic phase) and sometimes of depression, which can persist for a certain time and vary in intensity. When psychotic symptoms occur, they tend to reflect the mood of the moment. For example, a depressed person will hear voices that devalue him, while an individual in the manic phase will see himself as an exceptional being, able to achieve real strengths.
This type of psychosis is characterized by symptoms of schizophrenia and mood disorders that occur simultaneously or sequentially.
Some people experience severe depression with psychotic symptoms, but without the manic phase of bipolar disorder. This condition is called “psychotic depression” or “psychotic component depression.”
The use of drugs such as marijuana, cocaine, LSD, amphetamines and alcohol can trigger psychotic symptoms. Once the effect of drugs or alcohol has dissipated, these symptoms tend to disappear but may require medical treatment.
Psychotic symptoms sometimes occur as a result of a physical disorder or head injury. In such a case, a complete medical examination can refute or confirm the presence of an organic psychosis. This exam includes various tests or explorations such as a brain scan.
Brief reactional psychosis
The symptoms of this type of psychosis appear suddenly and are sometimes triggered by a very trying event, such as the death of a loved one. In general, their duration does not exceed one month.
This type of psychosis involves deeply held false beliefs. There are no false perceptions like hallucinations. Delusional disorder does not prevent a person from functioning.
It can be difficult to diagnose in the early stages of psychosis, so avoid focusing on a specific diagnosis. It must also be remembered that the experience, the course and the outcome of the psychotic episode vary from person to person.